This is a list of the 25 countries that do not maintain
- Andorra - Can call upon France or Spain for defence
matters, but these countries do not have an obligation to respond.
Similar treaties with both, June 3, 1993.
- Costa Rica - The constitution
forbids a standing military in times of peace, but have unit
of regional security - 7500 guardsman. Seat of the InterAmerican
Court of Human Rights. Seat of the United Nations University
- Dominica - No standing army
since 1981, after the army attempted a coup, but have state
police - 300 men.
- Grenada - No standing army since
1983, after the U.S. led invasion,
but have unit of regional security - 750 guardsman.
- Haiti - But the rebels have demanded
its reestablishment. The National Police maintains some military
units 7300 active troops.
- Iceland - Iceland has no standing
army, but is a member of NATO. There is a defence agreement
with the U.S. which maintains, with other NATO countries, a
base in the country.
- Kiribati - The only forces
allowed are the police and the coast guard.
- Liechtenstein - Abolished
the army 1868 because it was too costly. No defense agreement
with foreign countries. Army is forbidden in times of peace,
but have state police - 100 men.
- Maldives - Never had an army.
Was invaded by mercenaries in 1988, and rescued by India. No known permanent defence
- Marshall Islands -
Defence is the responsibility of the United States.
- Mauritius - A multicultural
country without an army, but with mobile state police - 1800
- Defence is the responsibility of the United States.
- Monaco - Renounced to military
investment in the 17th century when realized the expansion of
cannon range had rendered it defenseless. Defence is the responsibility
- Nauru - Under an informal agreement,
defense is the responsibility of Australia
- Palau - The only country with
an anti-nuclear constitution. Defence is the responsibility
of the United States.
- Panama - Abolished the army in
1990, confirmed by a parliamentary unanimous vote for constitutional
change 1994. The army is forbidden at all times. Some units
within the Public Force (Police, Coast Guard, Air Service and
Institutional Security) have limited warfare capabilities -
11800 active troops.
- San Marino - Maintains a
ceremonial guard, a police and a border force.
- Solomon Islands - Has
known a heavy ethnic conflict between 1998 and 2001, in which
and other Pacific countries finally intervened to restore peace
and order. No standing army.
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Maintains a small defence force for internal purposes.
- Saint Lucia - Maintains
a "special service" unit.
- Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines - Maintains a "special service" unit.
- Samoa - No standing army. Defence
is the responsibility of the New Zealand.
- Tuvalu - A small Pacific country
that might totally disappear because of climate warming and
- Vanuatu - Has a small mobile
military force - 300 men.
City - The ceremonial Swiss Guard acts as a security police force.
Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Monaco and Palau have no say in
defence matters and little say in international relations. Niue
and the Cooks islands have cooperative agreements. Andorra can
call for help. Iceland has a defence agreement. All the others
(19 countries) stand fully responsible and independant, without
an army, for defence matters. Seven of them (Costa Rica, Dominica,
Grenada, Haiti, Liechtenstein, Monaco and Panama) went through
a process of demilitarisation. All the 20 others, including Andorra
700 years ago, were born without an army. They are all said to
be in a situation of "non militarisation".